Psychology Tools – Addiction

Psychology Tools – Addiction

Addiction┬áis a chronic disorder with biological, psychological, social and environmental factors influencing its development and maintenance. About half the risk for addiction is genetic. Genes affect the degree of reward that individuals experience when initially using a substance (e.g., drugs) or engaging in certain behaviors (e.g., gambling), as well as the way the body processes alcohol or other drugs. Heightened desire to re-experience use of the substance or behavior, potentially influenced by psychological (e.g., stress, history of trauma), social (e.g., family or friends’ use of a substance), and environmental factors (e.g., accessibility of a substance, low cost) can lead to regular use/exposure, with chronic use/exposure leading to brain changes.

Following are a few psychological tools that are used for Addiction:

Bergen Shopping Addiction Scale (BSAS):
It is a brief screening tool for assessing the severity of shopping addiction.
Scale – Click Here

CAGE Alcohol Questionnaire (CAGE)
It is a 4-item questionnaire that can indicate potential problems with alcohol abuse.
Scale – Click Here

Diagnostic Screen for Gambling Disorders (NODS-CLIP)
It is a rapid screening test for adult pathological and problem gambling.
Scale – Click Here

Drinking Motives Questionnaire: Cooper, Russell, Skinner, Windle (1992)
This Scale consists of 15 self-administered items that load on three factors: social, coping, and enhancement motives.
Scale Download
Citation – Cooper, M.L., Russell, M., Skinner, J.B., & Windle, M. (1992). Development and validation of a three-dimensional measure of drinking motives.

Drinking Motives Questionnaire – Adolescent: Cooper (1994)
This scale consists of 20 self-administered items that load on three factors: social, coping, enhancement, and peer pressure motives.
Scale – Download
Citation – Cooper, M.L. (1994). Motivations for alcohol use among adolescents: Development and validation of a four-factor model. Psychological Assessment, 6, 117-128.

Excessive Gaming Screening Tool (EGST)
Use this survey as a guide to determine if video games and/or Internet use maybe a problem in your life, but do not use the survey to make a “clinical diagnosis”.
Scale – Click Here

Internet Addiction Assessment (IAA)
It is a controversial theorized mental disorder, the existence and/or importance of which is still being debated among the psychological community.
Scale – Click Here

Leeds Dependence Questionnaire: Raistrick, Bradshaw, Tober, weiner, Allison, Healey (1994)
It is a 10-item, self completion questionnaire designed to measure dependence upon a variety of substances.
Scale – Download
Citation – Raistrick, D.S., Bradshaw, J., Tober, G., Weiner, J., Allison, J. & Healey, C. (1994). Development of the Leeds Dependence Questionnaire, Addiction, 89, pp 563-572.

Maudsley Addiction Profile (MAP)
It contains 60 items across substance use, health risk, physical-psychological health and personal-social functioning domains.
Scale – Download
Citation – Marsden, J. Gossop, M. Stewart, D. Best, D. Farrell, M. Lehmann, P., Edwards, C. & Strang, J. (1998). The Maudsley Addiction Profile (MAP): A brief instrument for assessing treatment outcome, Addiction 93(12): 1857-1867.

Readiness to Change Questionnaire (RTQ): Heather, Rollnick (1993)
It is a 12-item instrument for measuring the “stage of change” reached by an excessive drinker of alcohol.
User’s Manual – Download
Citation – Rollnick, Heather, Gold, Hall (1992)

Severity of Dependence Scale: Gossop, Darke, Griffiths, Hando, Powis, Hall, Strang (1995)
It is a 5-item questionnaire that provides a score indicating the severity of dependence on opioids.
Scale – Download
Citation – Gossop, M., Darke, S., Griffiths, P., Hando, J., Powis, B., Hall, W., Strang, J. (1995). The Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS): Psychometric properties of the SDS in English and Australian samples of heroin, cocaine and amphetamine users. Addiction 90(5): 607-614.

Sexual Addiction Screening Test (SAST)
It is designed to assist in the assessment of sexually compulsive or “addictive” behaviour.
Scale – Click Here

Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES): Miller, Tonigan (1996)
SOCRATES is an experimental instrument designed to assess readiness for change in alcohol abusers. The instrument yields three factorially-derived scale scores: Recognition (Re), Ambivalence (Am), and Taking Steps (Ts).
Scale – Download
Citation – Miller, W. R., & Tonigan, J. S. (1996). Assessing Drinkers’ Motivation for Change: The Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES). Psychology of Addictive behaviours, 10(2), 81.

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