Psychology Tools – Anxiety

Psychology Tools – Anxiety

Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts and physical changes like increased blood pressure. People with anxiety disorders usually have recurring intrusive thoughts or concerns.

Following are a few psychological tools that are used for Anxiety:

Brief Fear Of Negative Evaluation Scale: Leary, (1983)
It is a commonly used instrument to measure social anxiety. It is a measure of a person’s tolerance for the possibility they might be judged disparagingly or hostilely by others.
Scale – Download

Fear Questionnaire (FQ) (Phobia): Marks, Matthews (1979)
It was designed to measure phobic fears in clinical populations.
Scale – Download
Citation – Marks, I. M., & Mathews, A. M. (1979). Brief standard self-rating for phobic patients. Behaviour Research and Therapy17(3), 263-267.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7): Spitzer, Kroenke, Williams, Lowe (2006)
This was developed as a screener for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in primary care settings. The 7 items assess (1) feeling nervous, anxious, or on edge; (2) being able to stop or control worrying; (3) worrying too much about different things; (4) trouble relaxing; (5) being restless; (6) becoming easily annoyed or irritable; and (7) feeling afraid as if something awful might happen.
Scale – Download
Citation – Spitzer RL, Kroenke K, Williams JBW, Lowe B. A brief measure for assessing generalized anxiety disorder. Arch Inern Med. 2006;166:1092-1097.

Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A): Hamilton (1959)
It was one of the first rating scales developed to measure the severity of anxiety symptoms, and is still widely used today in both clinical and research settings. The scale consists of 14 items, each defined by a series of symptoms, and measures both psychic anxiety (mental agitation and psychological distress) and somatic anxiety (physical complaints related to anxiety).
Scale – Download
Citation – Hamilton, M. (1959).The assessment of anxiety states by rating. British Journal of Medical Psychology 32, 50-55.

Health Anxiety Inventory (HAI): Salkovskis, Rimes, Warwick, Clark (2002)
The HAI is a 64-item scale that has two sections, one main section comprised of 47 items measuring cognitive, affective and behavioural aspects of health anxiety and a 17-item “negative consequences” section tapping into the respondent’s perception of how awful it would be to be ill.
Scale – Download
Citation – Salkovskis, P. M., Rimes, K. A., Warwick, H. M. C., & Clark, D. M. (2002). The Health Anxiety Inventory: development and validation of scales for the measurement of health anxiety and hypochondriasis. Psychological Medicine, 32(05), 843-853.

Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS-SR): Liebowitz (1987)
It is a clinician-rating scale created to assess social phobia. The LSAS assesses the range of social interaction and performance situations that patients with social phobia fear and/or avoid. The scale includes 24 items divided into two subscales.
Scale – Download

Mobility Inventory for Agoraphobia (MIA): Chambless, Caputo, Jasin, Gracely, Williams (1985)
It includes the major scales of Avoidance Alone and Avoidance Accompanied, which have been described in the introduction. The MIA also includes a definition of a panic attack and an item on which respondents report frequency of panic attacks in the last week.
Scale – Download
Citation – Chambless, D. L., Caputo, G. C., Jasin, S. E., Gracely, E. J., & Williams, C. (1985). The mobility inventory for agoraphobia. Behaviour research and therapy23(1), 35-44.

Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS): Shear, Brown, Barlow, Money, Sholomskas, Woods, Gorman, Papp (1997)
The PDSS is a self report scale that measures the severity of panic attacks and panic disorder symptoms. It is appropriate for use with adolescents (13+) and adults.
Scale – Download
Citation – Shear, M. K., Brown, T. A., Barlow, D. H., Money, R., Sholomskas, D. E., Woods, S. W., … & Papp, L. A. (1997). Multicenter collaborative panic disorder severity scale. American Journal of Psychiatry154(11), 1571-1575.

Penn State Worry Questionnaire: Meyer, Miller, Metzger, Borkovec (1990)
It is a 16-item questionnaire that aims to measure the trait of worry, using Likert rating from 1 (not at all typical of me) to 5 (very typical of me).
Scale – Download
Citation – Meyer, T. J., Miller, M. L., Metzger, R. L., & Borkovec, T. D. (1990). Development and validation of the penn state worry questionnaire. Behaviour Research and Therapy28(6), 487-495.

Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale: Spence (1998)
The Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale (SCAS) is a psychological questionnaire designed to identify symptoms of various anxiety disorders, specifically social phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder/agoraphobia, and other forms of anxiety, in children and adolescents between ages 8 and 15.
Scale – Download
Citation – Spence, S. H. (1998). A measure of anxiety symptoms among children. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36 (5), 545-566.

Severity Measure for Agoraphobia: Craske, Wittchen, Bogels, Stein, Andrews, Lebu (2013)
It is a 10-item measure that assesses the severity of symptoms of agoraphobia in individuals age 18 and older.
Scale – Download

Severity Measure for Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Craske, wittchen, Bogels, Stein, Andrews, Lebeu (2013)
It is a 10-item measure that assesses the severity of generalized anxiety disorder.
Scale for Adults – Download
Scale for Children aged 11 to 17 – Download

Severity Measure for Panic Disorder: Craske, Wittchen, Bogels, Stein, Andrews, Lebeu (2013)

Scale – Download

Severity Measure for Social Anxiety Disorder: Craske, Wittchen, Bogels, Stein, Andrews, Lebeu (2013)

Scale for Adults – Download
Scale for Children aged 11 to 17Download

Severity Measure for Specific Phobia: Craske, Wittchen, Bogels, Stein, Andrews, Lebeu (2013)

Scale for Adults – Download
Scale for Children aged 11 to 17

Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN): Connor, Davidson, Churchill, Sherwood, Weisler, Foa (2000)

Scale – Download

Social Phobia Scale: Mattick, Clarke (1995)

Scale – Download

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