Rise of Fascism in Germany

Rise of Fascism in Germany

When we discuss rise of Fascism we generally limit ourselves to Fascism takeover of Italy. But in Germany and Spain, groups with similar kind of ideas and programmes of action came to power. National Socialist Party (or, Nazi Party) led by Adolf Hitler came to power in German in the early 1930. Nazism was the product of German humiliation by England, France and their allies at the Paris Peace Conference. Like the Italian Fascists, Hitler’s Nazi party also advocated rearmament, war and revision of peace treaties. Nazis, like Fascists, were against parliamentary democracy, socialism, League of Nations and peaceful settlement of disputes.

Soon after Hitler’s dictatorship was established in Germany, strong signs of similar adventurism were noticed in some other European countries also. In France, in 1935-36, conditions resembling those in Italy (before the advent of Musssolini) prevailed, and animosity between the leftists and the rightists was so acute that there was a clear possibility of emergence of a dictatorship. The situation was saved by a timely action by all democrats, leftist groups, socialists and even communists who formed the Front Populaire, which won the elections held in April – May, 1936. The Front formed a government under the Prime Ministership of Leon Blum.

Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany provided massive financial and military assistance to rebels led by General Franco, and Soviet Union gave help to the Central government. The civil war which went on for nearly three years ended in March 1939 with decisive victory for the fascists under the leadership of General Franco. Thus Spain joined the Fascist camp of Italy and Germany.

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