True peace is not just a mere absence of war. It is a situation where in addition to the absence of war, there is no hunger or poverty and the people are happy, healthy, safe, and wise and can lead a sustainable life. So creating lasting peace is a multi-dimensional activity wherein NGOs are emerging as crucial players. While, to a great extent, it is the responsibility of governments, sovereigns and states to ensure this, the truth is that these very governments start wars, permit human rights abuses or environmental damage or jeopardise human security. Seeing the futility of relying on governments, NGOs, that is, Non-governmental organisations emerged as a counterforce to such powers. NGOs have often come into being because an individual or a few committed people have recognised problems that are inadequately addressed by governments. Their cause usually spreads by word of mouth and of late, through the internet. They are rarely well funded but are driven by their great power of commitment and compassion to create a more peaceful and equitable world. Often they have to fight relentlessly against huge authoritarian powers and against great odds.
Increasingly, states and intergovernmental organisations are delegating the responsibility of peacemaking and peace-building to NGOs working in humanitarian, developmental, educational and conflict resolution activities. Through citing some prominent NGOs and their achievements, we can see the new approaches they have used to end conflicts especially because of their neutral, unbiased approach.