Existential psychology represents the philosophical root of the phenomenological approach to personality. Existentialism was at its height in 1930-1950’s in Europe. Key figures associated with this school of thought are Jean Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Soren Kierkegaard, who were earlier philosophers.
The purpose of Existentialism was to make contact of an individual with the experiences of being Alive and Aware.
According to Existentialists, “Human beings have no existence apart from the world. Being in the world or Dasein is man’s existence. The basic issue in life is that inevitably it ends in death and we experience angst or anguish because our awareness of death is inevitable.” Thus, either human being retreat into nothingness or have the courage or ‘BE’ and in order to ‘BE’, we have to live life authentically. Authenticity is about living genuinely with one’s angst and achieving meaning despite the temporary nature of one’s existence. Life has no meaning, unless you create it.