Principles of Teaching

Principles of Teaching

They are closely related to maxims. Teaching methods are based on two types of principles, general principles and psychological principles.

General Principles

  1. Principle of Motivation: It creates curiosity among students to learn new things.
  2. Principle of Activity (Learning by Doing): Frobel’s Kindergarten (KG) system is based on this principle. It includes both physical and mental activities. For example, students are asked to make charts and models.
  3. Principle of Interest: By generating genuine interest among the learner’s community, the effectiveness of the teaching-learning process can be increased.
  4. Principle of Linking with life: Life is a continuous experience, and learning linked with life can be more enduring.
  5. Principle of Definite Aim: This is important for optimum utilization of teaching resources and making learning more focused.
  6. Principle of Recognizing Individual Differences: Every student is unique in terms of intelligence, attitude, abilities and potentialities, and socio-economic background. The teaching method should be devised in such a manner to make all students avail equal opportunities in life.
  7. Principle of Selection: The horizon of knowledge is expanding every single day. The teacher should be able to pick contents that can be more relevant and updated to the learners’ objectives.
  8. Principle of Planning: Every teacher has certain time-bound objectives, and hence, teaching should be systematic, to make optimum use of resources within the time limit.
  9. Principle of Division: To make learning easier, the subject matter should be divided into units and there should be links between the units.
  10. Principle of Revision: To make learning enduring, the acquired knowledge should be revised immediately and repeatedly.
  11. Principle of Creation and Recreation: This principle is a must to make the classroom environment humorous and creative.
  12. Principle of Democratic Dealing: It involves students in planning and executing different activities; it helps in developing self-confidence and self-respect among the learners.

Psychological Principles

  1. Principle of Motivation and Interest: A teacher needs to understand that every student is a unique psychological entity, and a student can be motivated after identifying his or her motives and needs.
  2. Principle of Recreation: Recreation is necessary to tackle fatigue after attending lengthy classes. This breaks monotony and prepares students for learning again.
  3. Principle of Repetition and Exercise: This is especially true in case of small children.
  4. Principle of Encouraging Creativity and Self-expression: This is specifically applicable in subjects such as mathematics and languages.
  5. Principle of Sympathy and Cooperation: This principle is required for the motivation of students.
  6. Principle of Reinforcement: Students should be suitably rewarded for their desired behavior.
  7. Principle of Imparting Training to Senses: The use of multimedia makes many senses get involves simultaneously, which is crucial for enduring learning.
  8. Principle of Remedial Teaching: This principle is necessary for the teacher to identify mistakes and suggest better answers to the problems.

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