Thailand is the only country in Southeast Asia to have escaped colonial rule. The enlightened monarchy of Thailand was solely responsible for maintaining the independence of the country. The conduct of diplomacy and foreign relations particularly under the leadership of King Mongkut (1851-68) and Chulalongkorn (1868-1910), was very realistic. Thai kings had a clear perception of the security environment of the region and had the capabilities to tackle France and Great Britain vis-a-vis colonial ambitions over Thailand. They had the necessary command over English language as well as the sophistication needed to solve the emerging problems.